Monthly Archives: July 2008

How to Add a Blank Line in WordPress

I don’t know if it is a problem with my current theme, or what else caused it, but there is no blank line after an unordered list and a following paragraph that makes it look like the following line belongs to the list like so:

  • item 1
  • item 2

Not part of the list.

The quickest and easiest solution (I read about it here) seems to be to hit the code-button twice in a row like so : < code > < /code > (without the spaces). This results in the desired layout:

  • item 1
  • item 2


Not part of the list.

Final Cut: Understanding What’s Currently Selected

Here’s another quote of important concepts from the user manual (pp. 387 ff.):

Even if there are no clips highlighted, Final Cut Express usually considers something in the Timeline to be selected. This occurs in two situations:

  • If no clips are highlighted and there are no In or Out points set, clips under the current position of the playhead are considered selected for many commands. For example, if you choose a filter from the Effects menu, it is applied to any clips under the playhead, even if nothing in the Timeline appears to be selected. This makes editing faster because you don’t always need to explicitly select a clip to affect it.
  • If sequence In and Out points are set and no clips are selected, any content between the In and Out points is selected on all tracks with Auto Select enabled. The selected area is highlighted.


With the exception of editing clips into a sequence, operations in the Timeline are prioritized in the following way:

  • If clips are selected, any operations you perform affect those clips.
  • If no clips are selected, content between In and Out points on tracks with Auto Select enabled is considered selected.
  • If no In and Out points are set, the clips under the playhead on tracks with Auto Select enabled are considered selected for many commands.
  • Note: Some commands operate on the topmost video clip items, regardless of which tracks’ Auto Select controls are enabled. The topmost clip items are the ones you see in the Canvas, and so those are often the items you want to operate on.

Final Cut: Keyboard Shortcuts for Dragging in the Timeline

The following tips come directly from the FCE 4.0 user manual (p. 410 & 413). These are keyboard shortcuts for arranging clips in the time line.

Using the Command Key to Drag More Slowly
When you’re dragging clips, edit points, or keyframes, usually the default one-to-one correspondence between the motion of your mouse and the motion of the item you’re dragging works just fine. However, you can drag even more precisely by pressing the Command key to slow, or “gear down,” the dragging speed after you’ve started dragging.

For example, holding down the Command key after you’ve started dragging a clip causes the motion of that clip in the Timeline to be much slower and more precise. This can be helpful if the Timeline is zoomed out so that individual clips look small. It’s also useful if you want to make very small changes to an edit point, a keyframe parameter, a volume level, or anything else. You can use the Command key to modify nearly any dragging operation in Final Cut Express.

Modifying Selections and Commands Using the Option Key
When you’re working with clips in the Timeline, you can use the Option key to do one of three things:

  • Hold down the Option key while you select a clip to temporarily turn off linked selection (if it’s on) or turn it on (if it’s off ).
  • Hold down the Option key after an item is selected, then drag the item from its original position to make a duplicate of that item.
  • Hold down the Option key after you’ve started dragging a clip and hold it down as you release the mouse button to perform an insert or shuffle edit (depending on where you drag the clip in the Timeline). For more information, see “Moving Items Within the Timeline” on page 407.


Note: If you use the Option key to modify a command and don’t see the results you wanted, you probably held down the Option key too long or at the wrong time. In some cases, you need to remember to release the Option key once you have achieved the result you want. For example, you may hold down the Option key while dragging a clip to duplicate it. Once you begin dragging the clip, however, Final Cut Express already intends to duplicate the clip, and now the Option key tells Final Cut Express to perform an insert edit. If you prefer to do an overwrite edit, you need to release the Option key.

Another situation is when you intend to duplicate a clip by pressing the Option key, but you instead turn off linked selection and only select one clip item. To avoid this, you need to select the clip first, release the mouse button, and then press the Option key before dragging it to duplicate it.

Why doesn’t Volkswagen offer more Fuel Efficient Cars in the US?

Comparing the German and US offerings of Volkswagen is very frustrating. I’d imagine most people in the US won’t know (since they don’t speak German) and thus happily buy their 2.5 liter/170 HP Jetta with EPA estimated mileage of 24 MGP (9.8 liters/100km).

In Germany, this is not even an option, because the engine is weigh oversized for that kind of car. In Germany, you can buy this car with a choice of NINE different engine configurations for the entry level model (Catalog, Technical Data, Price List, all in German) . In the US you get ONE. But this isn’t the worst part. Why doesn’t Volkswagen offer at least a fuel efficient engine in the US market?

For instance, the 1.6 liter, 5 gear manual transmission with has 102 horse power and an estimated mileage of 31 MPG. This would be a good alternative for folks that like to have a fuel efficient Volkswagen and don’t want to wait for the Diesel version which is scheduled to come out later this year.

Recycling Mysteries

For the last two weeks in a row the recycling pick-up truck in my town, New Britain, CT left our carefully sorted plastic bags sitting on the street. New Britain recycles only #1 and #2 plastic. So we always make sure to only put these two kinds in the recycling. In the past this was not a problem but apparently they changed their policy, or rather, they are enforcing it more rigorously.

Today my wife called the Public Works Department and found out that only plastic food containers are recycled, not plastic bags. Never mind that it is the exact same material HDPE #2. Here’s a list of types and an explanation Continue reading

Comparison of File Comparison Tools

A very useful Wikipedia article summarizing the details about a large number of commercial and free file and directory comparison tools.

Vastly Increased Google Street View Coverage

Since it was first introduced, Google Street View has now a significantly increased area of coverage. Check for yourself here.

MS-Office SP3 Overrides “.mat” Matlab File Association

This morning MS-Office SP3 was pushed onto my machine, and afterwards I noticed that all my former “.mat” files were missing their file extension and were identified as “Microsoft Office Access Table Shortcut” as can be verified by looking at Tools -> Folder Options -> File Types.

Deletion of this file association, and creation of a new “.mat” file extension and associating it with the recommended Application, Matlab, restored the “.mat” data files.

Capturing and Organizing Footage

As I am working on my first video project with Final Cut Express (FCE), I will try capture the essential steps for future reference. The steps are taken directly from the user manual, but with its 1152 pages it is a bit unwieldy and not a good quick reference guide.

First a few preparations:

  1. Connect external hard disk, preferably Firewire, and set it as Capture Scratch via the Prefrences Menu. This Drive needs to be connected and turned on before you start up FCE.
  2. Select the “Limit Capture Now To” checkbox. Enter a number of minutes for the maximum duration of your tape. To be safe, you can add an extra minute or two.
  3. Define an Easy Setup. In my case, this is “DV-NTSC anamorphic”, which implies that I recorded in 16:9 widescreen using the 16 bit audio setting

The next steps are to be performed for each new project with new footage:

  1. Create a new project via the File menu.
  2. Create a new Bin in the Browser, right click, and select “Capture Bin”. Since I am importing reels, I call the bin “Reels”. This is for my raw footage that I will later divide into subclips and then organize them into other bins for future editing.
  3. Connect you Camcorder (preferentially on grid power, rather than battery), set it to playback mode, and turn it on.
  4. Press Command-8 to open the Capture window. Insert a tape, and set the Reel Number when prompted by FCE.
  5. Use the transport controls to rewind. Press “Now” on the bottom right to start the tape and the capture process.
  6. When complete, close the capture window on the top left by pressing the close button.

The next step involves the Start/Stop Detection (p. 192) which is not done automatically as in iMovie, followed by organizing your clips:

  1. Double click the Clip in the Browser to open it in the Viewer.
  2. Choose Mark -> DV Start/Stop Detect.
  3. Switch the Browser to list view and locate the clip you were working on in the Viewer. Click the disclosure triangle to view the clip’s markers.
  4. Double click individual markers to review the corresponding subclips in the Viewer. Then click and rename them. I like to add a number in the beginning so that I don’t loose the chronological order of my clips (Unfortunately, FCE allows you to sort only alphabetically, or by clip length, but not by time code).
  5. Create bins for the various scenes/shots
  6. Drag in the Browser to select the desired markers.
  7. To make subclips, you can either choose Modify -> Make Subclip, and then drag them into the appropriate bin, or even easier, Option drag then markers to make subclips without removing the original markers (If you just drag, you still create subclips, but the markers disappear).

To simplify organization and renaming of the subclips, I like to change the standard window layout. I close the sequence window, enlarge the viewer to fill almost the entire screen, leaving enough room on the right for a browser window in list view to view all my subclips and on the bottom for another browser window showing all my bins. To save this as a custom window layout, press and hold the Option key, then click Window -> Arrange -> Set Custom Layout. Note that you can easily switch between bin and list view by right clicking on the browser background. There is also an option to increase the font size.

Here’s a screenshot:
FCE Window Layout for Organizing Clips

2008-07-18 UPDATE
I described above that there is no way to sort chronologically. Actually, there is, but it requires a rigorous Log and Capture Approach rather than the quick and dirty Capture Now method described above. Doing so, you will also have Media In and Media Out columns. Together with the reel number you can then sort chronologically.

The website referenced above — Ken Stone’s Final Cut Pro — is a phenomenal resource for anything Final Cut Pro in particular, and Final Cut Studio including Live Type, in general. Several items discussed here are also applicable to Final Cut Express. It’s just a shame to read about specific features that you cannot use because they would cost you an extra 1000 dollars.

Anlaiyss of Txet Jnmlubig and Litebigily

As the title of this post — Analysis of Text Jumbling and Legibility — demonstrates, jumbled text is not always as legible as is the widespread (mis)belief spurred by frequent mass mailings with texts like this: Continue reading